Alan Reynolds

Structured Group IV No. 15, 2000, prepared card on wood base, 117 x 117 cm

Woodcut No. 3, No. 4, No. 1, 1998, handprinted on Hosho-Shi paper, 7,6 x 7,6 cm, 7,6 x 7,6 cm, 12,7 x 20,3 cm

It may be said that in sorne instances rational or logical procedures employed in the forming of a work can lead to a point from which the work may transcend its formal or physical self by way of intuition, if so it could then address the human spirit as art.

Ratio related areas of form (proportions) have their own life even prior to their assembly as a concretion or an object. Perhaps it is in the 'logical' method of working that we can attain a degree or depth of concentration which leads to a state of 'unawareness' in the artist.

What seems to occur is a fusion of both rational and the intuitive elements and the flux and flow of creativity comes into being. The units which comprise an object, a relief, a drawing etc have their own voice to speak and so prior to the assembly of the former they can also provide a dialogue - and they can also question our 'logic'!

Can there be creation without intuition? For my part the answer is no. Art is beyond formal logic - art transcends logic. Logic can take us through its disciplines to the point where we can perhaps begin in art it is no end in itself. When all has been considered, aptness of materials - formation itself. Ultimately it is for me the fusion of these factors - formal logic and intuition which can imbue a work with authenticity.

Alan Reynolds, 1997

BIOGRAPHY

Born 1926 in Newmarket, Suffolk, England.
Passad away 2014.

  1. 1946
    1. In Germany, first encounter with modern art. Saw first post-war exhibitions of German art of the 20s and 30s. Influenced by the paintings and writings of Paul Klee.
  2. 1948-52
    1. Studied at Woolwich Polytechnic School of Art.
  3. 1952-53
    1. Awarded scholarship to the Royal College of Art. Received medal for painting in first year.
  4. 1954-61
    1. Taught drawing at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, London. Painted landscapes until 1958.
  5. 1958-66
    1. Abstract paintings and watercolours, emphasis on pictorial construction and use of horizontal/vertical elements, concerned with space.
  6. 1961
    1. Teaching painting at St. Martin's School of Art, London.
  7. 1967
    1. Arts Council Purchase Award.
  8. 1969
    1. First group of reliefs, painted wood, curvilinear in form. Influence of Sophie Tauber-Arp.
  9. 1975
    1. Constructional reliefs. Form orthogonal, use of basic standardised elements, the subsidiary forms on these finalised through intuitive decision. Emphasis on printmaking; wood engravings and lino prints.
  10. 1976
    1. Free-standing, painted wood constructions, partly standardised in form, but basically of an impro-visatory nature.
  11. 1978
    1. First modular constructions and drawings working with cubic module. Relief constructions of a concrete nature.
  12. 1985
    1. Appointed Senior Lecturer of painting at St. Martin's School of Art, London. Now retired. Lives and works in Kent.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

  1. 1952/53/54/56
    1. Redfern Gallery, London
  2. 1954/58
    1. Durlacher Gallery, New York
  3. 1958
    1. Leicester Galleries, London
  4. 1960/52/54/59
    1. Redfern Gallery, London
  5. 1972/54
    1. Redfern Gallery, London
  6. 1978
    1. Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  7. 1980
    1. Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich (with Malcolm Hughes and Peter Lowe)
  8. 1982
    1. Juda Rowan Gallery, London 1986 Juda Rowan Gallery, London
  9. 1982
    1. Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern
  10. 1990
    1. Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern
  11. 1990
    1. Reperes at Galerie Lahumiére, Paris
  12. 1991
    1. Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  13. 1992
    1. Galerie Art In, Nurnberg
  14. 1995
    1. Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern
  15. 1996
    1. Annely Juda Fine Art, London (with Malcolm Hughes) Städtische Galerie im Schloss, Wolfsburg, Germany
  16. 1996
    1. Retrospective and Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen am Rhein Germany
  17. 1999
    1. Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern
  18. 2001
    1. Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  19. 2002
    1. Konstruktiv Tendens, Stockholm

Selected Group Exhibitions

  1. 1950/51
    1. London Group Exhibition
  2. 1952
    1. Pittsburgh International
  3. 1953
    1. International Watercolour Exhibition, Brooklyn, USA
  4. 1955
    1. Pittsburgh International Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome
  5. 1955
    1. Musée Nationale d'Art Moderne, Paris
  6. 1955
    1. Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels
  7. 1955
    1. 'British Contemporary Painting', British Council Exhibition, Oslo and Copenhagen
  8. 1957/60
    1. 'Critic's Choice', Arthur Tooth and Sons, London
  9. 1958/61
    1. Pittsburgh International
  10. 1966
    1. 'Kupka gouaches - Reynolds paintings', Redfern Gallery, London
  11. 1971
    1. 'Spectrum Exhibition', Arts Council of Great Britain
  12. 1977
    1. 'British Painting 1952-77', Royal Academy of Art, London
  13. 1977
    1. Galerie Loyse Oppenheim, Nyon, Switzerland
  14. 1979
    1. Amnesty International, Bristol Cathedral and Institute of Education, London
  15. 1980
    1. 'Eight + Eight' Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  16. 1984
    1. 'Creation' Modern Art and Nature', Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh,
  17. 1985
    1. 'Small works' Juda Rowan Gallery, London
  18. 1985
    1. 'Twenty Five Years', Annely Juda Fine Art and Juda Rowan Gallery, London
  19. 1985/86
    1. 'Schwarz auf Weiss - Weiss auf Schwarz', Europé/USA 1945/1985, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich
  20. 1986
    1. 'Works on Paper - Tribute to the C.A.S.', Juda Rowan Gallery, London
  21. 1986
    1. 'Systematic Constructive Drawings', The University of York
  22. 1986
    1. 'Trends in Geometric Abstract Art', The Tel Aviv Museum
  23. 1986
    1. From Figuration to Abstraction', Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  24. 1986
    1. 'Konstruktivisme', Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark
  25. 1987
    1. 'Mathematik in der Kunst (der letzten dreissigj ahre)', Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen am Rhein
  26. 1988
    1. 'Non-Objective World Revisited', Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  27. 1989
    1. 'Faszination Papier', Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern
  28. 1989
    1. 'From Picasso to Abstraction', Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  29. 1989
    1. '1959-1989 30 Years', Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich
  30. 1992
    1. 'Geometrisk Abstraktion XI', Galerie Konstruktiv Tendens, Stockholm
  31. 1992
    1. 'Juxtapositions', Annely Juda Fine Art, London
  32. 1992
    1. 'Reperes-Paris Dix Ans Pour L'Art Construit 1982-1992', Stiftung fur Konkrete Kunst, Reudingen
  33. 1993
    1. 'Forum - Konkrete Kunst Erfurt', Museum der Kunstler, Erfurt
  34. 1994
    1. 'Repéres - Paris Propositions pour l'Art Construit', Centre d'Art Contemporain de Saint-Priest
  35. 1994
    1. 'British Abstract Art', Flowers East, London
  36. 1994
    1. 'Multiple' Galerie Art In, Nurnberg
  37. 1995
    1. 'Konstruktive und Konkrete Graphik Geometrisierende Tendenzen der 20er Jahre' Pfaizgalerie, Kaiserslautern
  38. 1998
    1. '3 Generations of British Constructivism - Kenneth Martin, Alan Reynolds, Nathan Cohen', Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  39. 1999
    1. 'Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts', Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen am Rhein
  40. 2000
    1. 'Plastische Graphik', Städtische Kunsthalle Mannheim

Selected Public Collections

  • City Art Gallery, Aberdeen
  • National Gallery of South Australia,Adelaide
  • Nationalgalerie, Berlin
  • Städtische Galerie Villa Zanders, Bergisch-Gladbach
  • City Art Gallery, Birmingham
  • Brighouse Art Gallery, Yorkshire
  • Brighton Art Gallery
  • City Art Gallery, Bristol
  • Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
  • Leopold-Hoesch-Museum, Duren, Germany
  • Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf
  • Musée d'Art, Grenoble
  • Bankfleld Museum, Halifax
  • Ferens Art Gallery, Hull
  • Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark
  • Museum Pfaizgalerie, Kaiserslautern
  • City Art Gallery, Leeds
  • City Art Gallery, Leicester
  • Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool
  • The Arts Council of Great Britain, London
  • The British Council, London
  • Council for National Academic Awards, London
  • Contemporary Art Society, London
  • Ministry of Works, London
  • Tate Gallery, London
  • Victoria and Albert Museum, London
  • Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafenam Rhein
  • Musée Des Ursulines, Macon
  • Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester
  • National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
  • Newcastle Art Gallery
  • Nottingham Castle Museum
  • McCrory Corporation, New York
  • Museum of Modern Art, New York
  • Cincinnati Art Museum, Ohio
  • Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio
  • Toledo Art Gallery, Ohio
  • National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
  • Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris
  • Ministry of Culture, Rheinland-Pfalz
  • Museum of Modern Art, Säo Paulo
  • City Art Gallery, Sheffield
  • City Art Gallery, Southampton
  • National Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
  • The Tel Aviv Museum
  • Wakefleld City Art Gallery
  • Contemporary Art Society, Wales
  • Hirschhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
  • Städtische Galerie Wolfsburg

Bibliography

  • Alan Reynolds, J.P.Hodin published by Redfern Gallery, London 1962
  • Modern British Painters, Sir John Rothenstein 1984
  • Dr Gisela Fiedler-Bender (introduction to the exhibition) Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern 1986
  • 25 Years of British Art - Portratt of the Artist Jorge Lewinski, published by Carcanet Press Ltd. Manchester 1987
  • Reliefs und Zeichnungen, Dr Gisela Fiedler-Bender (introduction to the exhibition) Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern 1990
  • Alan Reynolds Relief Constructions and Drawings (introduction to the exhibition), Bryan Robertson published by Annely Juda Fine Art, London 1991
  • Reliefs und Zeichnungen, (introduction to the exhibition) Prof Dr Lorenz Dittmann, Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern 1995
  • "Konstruktion und Intuition - Anmerkungen zum Werk von Alan Reynolds", Dr Susanne Pfleger, retrospective catalogue,
  • Städtische Galerie, Wolfsburg; Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen-am-Rhein 1996
  • Alan Reynolds - Regelkonstruktionen und Zeichnungen, Dr Richard Gassen and Dr Klaus Hoffmann (preface to exhibition catalogue) 1996
  • In Search of a Measured Beauty (introduction to the exhibition), lan Barker, published by Annely Juda Fine Art, London 1996
  • Alan Reynolds - "Reliefkonstruktionen und Zeichnungen", Dr Susanne Pfleger (introduction to the exhibition), Galerie Wack, Kaiserslautern 1999