Bernar Venet

Installation view, Konstruktiv Tendens 1999

Installation view, Konstruktiv Tendens 1999


  1. 1941
    1. Born on April 20 at Chateau-Arnoux-Saint-Auban in the Alpes of Haute-Provence.
    2. His father, Jean-Marie Venet, a schoolteacher and chemist, dies at the age of 40, leaving his widow Adeline Gilly in charge of their four sons, of which Bernar is the youngest.
  2. 1947-1957
    1. School at Chateau-Arnoux-Saint-Auban. As a boy, Bernar Venet suffers from asthma, and is forced to spend long spells at spas and a aerium at Saint Raphaël.
    2. During this young age he was involved with religion, and aspired to become a missionary.
    3. With the encouragement of a local artist, he is drawing and painting extensively by the time he is ten.
    4. At age eleven, Bernar is invited to exhibit in the Salon du Peinture Péchinay in Paris.
  3. 1958
    1. Fails the entrance exams for the Decorative Arts School in Nice. Studies for one year at the municipal art school of the city, the Villa Thioie.
    2. There while defending Picasso's work to fellow students, shocks the Director, and is suspended for a week.
  4. 1959
    1. Works as a stage designer for the Nice City Opera. Period of highly stylised paintings described by himself as 'symbolic'.
  5. 1961
    1. In February, he joins the army, andserves for 22 month. Initially he is assigned to the army reception center in Tarascon.
    2. There, an attic is put at his disposal, which he converts into a studio. Initially, Venet's paintings are gestural, and executed with his feet.
    3. Quickly they develop into black monochromes made of tar. In some cases, jhe works a surface without leaving trace of his action. The blank surface nevertheless became a work. These he called 'fetishist works'.
  6. 1963
    1. Returns to Nice; establishes a studio in the old quarter; on rue Pairolière. Further development of the far paintings and detailed photographs of gravel and coal piles.
    2. Other experimental photographic works. His first sculpture. Coal Pile has no specific dimensions. The work is characterised by extremely restrained means.
    3. Towards the end of the year, does the first cardboard reliefs, that he describes as 'industrial paintings'.
    4. Becomes friendly with Arman as well as with some New Realists in Paris (César, Hains, Villegié), who offer to share exhibitions with him.
  7. 1964
    1. Venet participates in the Salon Comparaisons at the Museum of Modern Art, Paris.
    2. He exhibits alongside the New Realist and Pop Artists, despite the intentionally divergent nature of his cardboard reliefs.
  8. 1966
    1. His first trip to New York in April and May.
    2. Returns to Nice. Invited to participate in the Impact 1, exhibition at the Céret Museum, France; sends a blueprint for a tube.
    3. Become aware of the objective aspect of blueprints, and their semantic characteristics. Set to work intently on diagrams, thus creating his first mono-semi-otic works.
    4. Creates the project for a ballet to be danced on a vertical plane.
    5. In December, Venet decides to permanently settle in New York. Initially lives in Arman's studio, 84 Walker Street, formerly Tinguely's studio.
  9. 1967
    1. Resides at the Chelsea Hotel, his conceptual work develops along logical lines.
    2. Meets Minimalist artists at the Dwan Gallery.
    3. Frequents the Mathematics and Physics Departments at Columbia University and befriends two researchers. Jack Ullmann and Martin Krieger.
    4. He produces the 'non visual' works on magnetic tape. His focus in on content, not the visual characteristics of artworks.
    5. Sets up a four-year program, intending to stop all artistic production with it's completion.
  10. 1968
    1. Settles into a loft in Soho, New York.
    2. Venet collaborates with the scientists from Columbia University, to stage a performance at the Judson Church Theatre in Soho, New York.
    3. Work first exhibited in the USA and Europe.
    4. Two conceptual exhibitions at the Wide White Space Gallery, along with Beuys and Broodthaers, at the Dülsseldorf Kunsthalle.
    5. Works are bought by the Krefeld Museum, who offers to stage his first museum exhibition.
    6. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, acquires a Venet piece.
    7. Meats Daniel Templon, who becomes his dealer in Paris at his gallery on rue Bonaparte.
    8. Participates in the exhibition 'Conception Konzeption' in Leverkusen, Germany.
    9. Moves to a loft on Broadway, in Soho. Meets Ella Bogval whom he marries in 1971, and they separate in 1982.
  11. 1969-1970
    1. Frequently travels and lectures throughout Europe, The United States, and Japan. Bernar Venet decides for theoretical reasons to cease his artistique activities.
    2. Retrospective at the Krefeld Museum Haus Lange, Germany.
  12. 1971
    1. Retrospectives at the New York Cultural Center, New York.
    2. Publication of the Catalogue raisonné of his conceptual work on the occasion of the exhibit at the New York Cultural Center.
    3. Birth of his sons Stephane and Alexandre.
  13. 1972-1973
    1. Return to Paris.
    2. Period of reflection: Venet writes about Conceptual Art and his own work.
    3. His purpose is to correct commentary that he judges to be erroneous, and to elucidate and detail the specific nature and originality of his efforts.
  14. 1974-1975
    1. Teaches 'Art and Art Theory' at the Sorbonne, Paris.
    2. Frequent lectures in France, England, Italy, Poland and Belgium.
    3. Monograph by Catherine Millet published by Editions du Chene, France and Edizioni Prearo, Italy.
    4. Film produced by Jean-Pierre Mirouze on Bernar Varghese: Work completed work interminable.
    5. Exhibit of his conceptual works at the Institute of Contemporary Art, London.
    6. Represents France a the XIII Sao Paulo Biennale, Brazil, with Gottfried Honegger and Francois Morellet.
  15. 1976
    1. Returns to New York in January. Moves to West Broadway and becomes compelled to again produce art.
    2. The first canvases from the series Angles and Arcs, are a group of extremely restrained paintings of elementary geometrical figures.
    3. Retrospective of his conceptual works at La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla, California.
  16. 1977
    1. Exhibits at Documenta VI, Kassel, Germany. Exhibitions of recent work at the Musée d'Art Modern in Saint Etienne, Paris.
  17. 1978
    1. Participates in the exhibit From Nature to Art. From Art to Nature, at the Venice Biennale, Italy.
    2. Canvases: Chords subtending Arcs.
  18. 1979
    1. Begins the series of wood reliefs Arcs, Angles, Diagonals, and creates the first Indeterminate Line.
    2. Starts work on steel sculptures composed of two arcs. Concept for a monumental arc on a highway.
    3. Receives a grant from the National Endowment of the Arts.
    4. Develops the series of wood reliefs Indeterminate lines.
  19. 1982
    1. Moves to a loft on Canal Street, across from the Hudson River.
  20. 1983
    1. First macquettes for steel sculptures of indeterminate lines.
    2. Seth Schneidman produces the film Bernar Venet 1985 in New York.
    3. Projects for monumental sculptures.
  21. 1984
    1. November: starts creating his sculptures at Atelier Marioni, a foundry in the Vosges region of France.
    2. First exhibition of Indeterminate Lines, (floor/wall) sculptures at Galerie Templon, Paris.
    3. First planes for, and photocollages of The Major 185.4° Arc.
  22. 1985
    1. Meets Diane Segard, whom he marries in 1996.
  23. 1986
    1. Public commissions in Epinal, France: Nice, France; Austin, Texas; and Norfolk, Virginia.
    2. These works are fabricated at Francois Labbe's foundry in Nice.
  24. 1987
    1. For the 750th anniversary of Berlin, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Air France, present the city with Arc of 124.5°. This sculpture measures 70 x 140 feet.
  25. 1988
    1. Jean-Louis Martinoty asks Bernar Venet to stage his ballet Graduation, (conceived in 1966), at the Paris Opera. The Artist is the author of the music, choreography, set designs and costumes.
    2. Receives the Design Award for his sculpture in Norfolk, Virginia. Exhibition of photographs (1961-1988) at Galerie Michèle Chomette, Paris.
    3. The E.P.A.D. commissions the monumental Two Indeterminate Lines for the new La Défense business center on the edge of Paris.
    4. Installation of Arc of 115.5° for Telic-Alcatei, Strasbourg.
    5. Publication of a substantial monograph Venet by Jan van der Marck; Editions de la Différence, Paris.
  26. 1989
    1. Awarded the Grand Prix des Arts de la Ville des Paris, by Jacques Chirac, Mayor of Paris.
    2. A series of new projects for steel reliefs called Possibility of Indeterminacy.
    3. Performance of the intervention of 1 ' artist on the live line, November 23, at Galerie Templon, Paris.
    4. Installs Two Arcs of 197.5° in Belley, France.
    5. Aquisition of Le Muy, in the Var region, a factory where he installs his works and collection. He lives and works there in the summer month.
  27. 1990
    1. Inauguration of the monumental sculpture Indeterminate Line at Place de Bordeaux, Strasbourg, France.
    2. First furniture exhibition at Galerie Mostra, Paris, and then Galerie Eric Van de Weghe in Brussels.
    3. Creates first macquettes and large scale versions of Random Combinations of Indeterminate lines.
  28. 1991
    1. Creates several musical compositions including Sound and Resonance at the Studio Miraval, Var, France.
    2. Release of two compact discs on the Circe-Paris label, Gravier/Goudron, 1963, and Acier Roule E 24.2. 1990.
    3. Executes a series of new heavy, torch-cut steel furniture.
    4. Noir-Noir et Noir, a book on Bernar Venets photographic work from 1961 to 1991, is published by Editions Marval, Paris. Text: Jean-Louis Schefer
    5. Completes Le Rocher des Trois Croix, (joint homage to Giotto, Grünewald und El Greco) installed alop the mountain Roquebrune-sur-Argens, in the Var region of France.
    6. Filming begins for Bernar Venet, Lines, by Thierry Spitzer and Jean-Marie del Moral.
  29. 1992
    1. Bernar Venet records the sounds of the Air France Concorde engine, for the musical composition Wall of Sound. He shoots the film Acier Roule XC-10 at the Marioni-Vosges atelier.
    2. Travels to Japan for the inauguration of the sculpture at Adachi-ku, Tokyo.
    3. Starts a series of steel reliefs composed of arrows, Arbirary and Simultaneous Directions.
    4. Solo exhibition at the Person's Weekend Museum, Tokyo.
    5. Participates in the exhibition Manifeste at the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.
  30. 1993
    1. Invited to participate in the artist's film festival in Montreal for his film Rolled Steel XC-10.
    2. Retrospective exhibition at the Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain in Nice, France, which travels to the Wilhelm-Hack-Museum in Ludwigshafen, Germany.
  31. 1994
    1. From May through Juli, Mr. Jacques Chirac, then the Mayor of Paris, invites Venet to present twelve sculptures from his Indeterminate lines series on the Champ de Mars.
    2. Works on the first sculptures Barres droites.
    3. Publication of the monograph Bernar Venet, text by Carter Ratcliff, Abbeville Press, New York; Cercle d'Art, Paris.
  32. 1995
    1. In the spring, travels to San Francisco for the inauguration of his monumental sculpture Indeterminate line, at the Runnymeade Sculpture Farm.
    2. In May, he inaugurates in Kowloon, Hong Kong, at the Museum of Modern Art, the first exhibition of the world tour of the works presented in 1994 at Champs de Mars.
    3. In June, he is the first artist to inaugurate the new Museum of Art in Shanghai.
    4. A sojourn to Graphicstudio -Tampa, Florida, an edition of large monoprints realised with tar and a steam roller.
    5. He develops his new work on the theme of the straight line 1. Accident Pieces.
    6. New reliefs executed in steel with an acetylene torch 1. Indeterminate Area.
  33. 1996
    1. Invited as a 'Master in Residence' at the Atlantic Center for the Arts, in Florida.
    2. Is awarded the honor of Commandeur dans 1'ordre des Arts et Lettres by the Minister of Culture in France.
    3. Thierry Spitzer films an installation of Accident 1. the new works composed of straight lines, which are also exposed at the Galerie Karsten Greve in Paris,
    4. and in July at the Espace Fortant de France at Sète.
    5. From May through July, the city of Brussels invites Venet to exhibit ten large sculptures from the Indeterminate lines series on Avenue Franklyn Roosevelt.
  34. 1997
    1. Moves to a studio in Chelsea, New York City.
    2. Begins a new series of sculpture titled Four Arcs and Five Arcs.
    3. Designs a museum complex, for an exhibition in Musee d'Art Concret, in Mouans-Satoux, France.
    4. Becomes a Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in Salzburg, Austria.
  35. 1998
    1. Travels to China. Is invited by the
    2. Mayor of Shanghai to participate in the Shanghai International Sculpture Symposium.
    3. Executes large scale Four Arcs sculptures, and intensively develops Indeterminate Area reliefs during the summer in Le Muy.
  36. 1999
    1. The third and definitive version of the film, Tarmacadam, (1963), is realised with the help of Arkadin Productions for the exhibition Bernar Venet (1961 - 63),
    2. at the Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Geneva. Black and white. 3 minutes 20 sec.
    3. Installation of a public sculpture in the City of Cologne, Germany, in honour of the G-8 Summit.
    4. Publication of his poetry Apoetiques 1967-1998, by the
    5. Museum of Modern and contemporary Art, Geneva.
    6. Editions Les Cahiers Intempestifs publishes a monograph about the early work (1961-1970), by Robert Morgan.
    7. Public commissions in for the new university in Geneva.
  37. 2000
    1. Develops a new series of wall paintings called 'Major Equations', which are exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia and Sao Paulo,
    2. and at the Centre of Contemporary Art Georges Pompidou, in Cajarc, as well as MAMCO in Geneva.
    3. Public commission for the City of Bergen, Norway.
    4. A year of important publications:
      1. Bernard Venet 1961-70 (editions des Cahiers Intempestifs) A monograph about the young artist by Robert Morgan
      2. Supersaturation (editions of the Centre d'art Contemporain Georges Pompidou de Cajarc)
        • An original work about reflections on the possibilities of literature
      3. Bernard Venet - Sculptures & Reliefs (editions Prearo, Milan) Written by Arnauld Pierre
      4. Furniture, Text: Claude Lorent. All the furniture in steel designed by the artist since 1968 (editions du MAMCO a Geneve)
      5. La Conversion du Regard (editions du MAMCO de Genève). The texts and interviews from 1975-
  38. 2000
    1. Global Diagonals, a catalogue concerning a humanistic, artistic and technological project with straight lines (300 feet each) virtually connecting the five continents.
  39. 2001
    1. Exhibition of the new paintings on canvas at the gallery Jerome de Noirmont, Paris
    2. Inauguration of the Chapelle Saint Jean in Châteaux-Arnoux. The stained glass windows and all the furniture is designed by Bernar Venet.
    3. The Furniture is exhibited at SM'ART (Salon du mobilier et de I'object design) at the Carroussel du Louvre in Paris.
    4. Exhibition of the furnitures at the RabouanMoussion Gallery in Paris, Fall-Winter
    5. Publication of Furnitures, Assouline Publishing, Paris, New York.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

  1. 1964
    1. Paris (F) Galerie Ursula Girardon
  2. 1966
    1. Nice (F) Galerie Jacques Matarasso
  3. 1968
    1. New York (USA) Judson Church Theater: Relativity's Track (performance)
  4. 1969
    1. Newark NJ (USA) Newark Collage of Engineering
  5. 1970
    1. New York (USA) O.K. Harris Gallery
    2. Krefeld (D) Museum Haus Lange Hamburg (D) o Kunsthaus
    3. Milano (I) Studio Santandrea
    4. Diisseldorf (D) Denise René -Hans Mayer Editions
  6. 1971
    1. Köln (D) Galerie Der Spiegel
    2. Antwerpen (B) X-One Gallery
    3. New York (USA) Loeb Student Center, New York University: Peter Caws PhD,
    4. ......Lecture on 'Structure as a necessary and sufficient condition of intelligibility' (performance)
    5. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
    6. Milano (I) Galerie Daniel Templon
    7. New York (USA) New York Cultural Center (retrospective)
  7. 1972
    1. Zurich (CH) Galerie Bruno Bischofberger
    2. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
    3. Milano (I) Galerie Daniel Templon
  8. 1973
    1. Warszawa (PL) Foksal psp Gallery
  9. 1974
    1. Roma Galleria la Seconda Scala
    2. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
    3. Milano (I) Galerie Daniel Templon
  10. 1975
    1. Stuttgart (D) Galerie Hetzler & Keller
    2. Brescia (I) Galleria Nuovi Strumenti Arte Contemporanea
    3. Sao Paulo (BR) XIIIth Biennale
    4. Rio de Janeiro (BR) Museum of Modern Art
    5. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
    6. London (UK) Institute of Contemporary Art
  11. 1976
    1. Hannover NH (USA) Hopkins Center, Dartmouth College
    2. Ja Jolla CA (USA) La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art
  12. 1977
    1. Zurich (CH) Galerie Bruno Bischofberger
    2. Saint-Etienne (F) Musée d'Art et d'industrie
    3. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
    4. Paris (F) Galerie Nancy Gillespie - Elizabeth de Laage
    5. Hovikodden (N) Sonja Hennie -Niels Onstad Foundation
    6. Diisseldorf (D) Galerie Denise René - Hans Mayer
  13. 1978
    1. Long Island City, New York (USA): Special Project at PS1
    2. Nizza (F) Galerie Association
    3. Diisseldorf (D) Galerie Denise René - Hans Mayer
  14. 1979
    1. Los Angeles CA (USA) ARCO Center for Visual Arts
    2. New York (USA) Hal Bromm Gallery
    3. Portofino (I) Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna
    4. Chigaco IL (USA) Marianne Deson Gallery
    5. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
  15. 1981
    1. Diisseldorf (D) Galerie Denise René - Hans Mayer
    2. Geneva (I) Unimedia Gallery
    3. Den Haag (NL) Artline Gallery
  16. 1982
    1. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
    2. New York (USA) The Bonlow Gallery
    3. Los Angeles CA (USA) Malinda Wyatt Gallery
  17. 1984
    1. Poitiers (F) Musée Sainte-Croix
    2. Milano (I) Studio Marconi
    3. Chicago IL (USA) Marianne Deson Gallery
    4. Châteauroux (F) Centre d'art contemporain de Chateauroux
    5. Basel (CH) Basel Art Fair (with Galerie Denise René - Hans Mayer)
    6. Marseille (F) ARCA
    7. Lyon (F) Galerie Jean Jules Berlin
    8. Villeneuve-d'Ascq. (F) Musée d'Art Moderne
    9. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
  18. 1985
    1. Diisseldorf (D) Galerie Denise René - Hans Mayer
    2. Epinal (F) Musée Departemental des Vosges.
    3. Nizza (F) Galerie Bernard Lucas
    4. Basel (CH) Galerie Littmann
  19. 1986
    1. New York (USA) Castelli Uptown
    2. Knokke-le-Zoute (B) Galerie Elisabeth Franck
    3. Paris (F) Daniel Templon, Galerie Une
    4. Paris (F) Daniel Templon, Galerie Deux
  20. 1987
    1. Geneve (CH) Galerie Pierre Huber
    2. Bottrop (D) Quadrat Museum -Moderna Gallery
    3. Los Angeles CA (USA) Wenger Gallery
    4. New York (USA) Castelli Uptown
    5. Paris (F) Opera de Paris, Salle Favart: Graduation (contemporary ballet)
    6. Chicago IL (USA) Chicago International Art Exhibition - CIAE (with Galerie Daniel Templon)
    7. Paris (F) Daniel Templon, Galerie Une
    8. Paris (F) Daniel Templon, Galerie Deux
    9. Paris (F) Galerie Michele Chomette: Noir-Noir 1963 (phography)
    10. Birmingham MI (USA) Cantor/ Lemberg Gallery
    11. Vaison-la-Romaine (F) Centre International d'Art et de Sculpture
    12. Roma (I) Galleria Primo Piano
  21. 1989
    1. Antwerpen (B) Galerie Van de Velde
    2. Rnokke-le-Zoute (B) Galerie Elisabeth Franck
    3. Diisseldorf (D) Galerie Hans Mayer
    4. Saint-Louis MO (USA) Ronald Greenberg Gallery
    5. Frankfurt am Main (D) Galerie Lüpke, Frankfurt Art Fair
    6. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
    7. Troyes (F) Centre d'Art Contemporain: Noir-Noir 1963 (phography)
  22. 1990
    1. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon: La ligne a vif (performance)
    2. New York (USA) Vrej Baghoomian Galleriy
    3. New York (USA) Castelli Gallery
    4. Tokio (J) Gallery 360°
    5. Genève (CH) Galerie Pierre Huber
    6. Paris (F) Galerie Mostra
    7. Madrid (E) Theospacio
  23. 1991
    1. Los Angeles CA (USA) Fred Hoffmann Gallery
    2. Stockholm (S) Galerie Björn Ressle
    3. Bruxelles (B) Galerie Eric Van de Wegha
    4. New York (USA) Brent Sikkema Fine Arts: Black, Black and Black (photography)
    5. Caracas (VE) Galeria Oscar Ascanio
    6. New York (USA) Vrej Baghoomian Gallery
    7. Barcelona (E) Galeria Theo
    8. Paris (F) Galerie Daniel Templon
  24. 1992
    1. Milano (I) Studio Oggetto
    2. Tokio (J) Gallery 360°
    3. Bogotá (CO) Galeria Tovar & Tovar
    4. Tokio (J) Person's Weekend Museum
  25. 1995
    1. Paris (F) Galerie Jacqueline Moussion: Mobilier Sculptural
    2. Nizza (F) Musée d'art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain
    3. Ludwigshafen (D) Wilhelm Hack-Museum
    4. New York (USA) Andre Emmerich Gallery
    5. Bruxelles (B) Atelier 340
    6. Bogotá (CO) Museo de Arte Moderno de Bogotá
    7. Bogotá (CO) Galeria Tovar & Tovar
    8. Paris (F): Venet on the Champ de Mars
    9. Seoul (ROR) Total Museum of Contemporary Art
    10. Seoul (ROR) Gallery Hyundai
    11. Boca Raton FL (USA) Boca Raton Museum of Art
  26. 1995
    1. Kowloon, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Museum of Art
    2. Kowloon, Hong Kong, Alisan Fine Arts
    3. Shanghai (VR) Shanghai Museum of Art
    4. Paris (F) FIAC (with Galerie Karsten Greve)
    5. Epinal (F) La Lune en Parachute: Trajectoires divergentes
  27. 1996
    1. Boca Raton FL (USA) Lipworth/ Hartmann International Fine Art
    2. Bruxelles (B): Venet on Avenue Franklyn Roosevelt
    3. Paris (F) Galerie Karsten Greve
    4. Sète (F) Fortant de France
    5. Köln (D) Galerie Karsten Greve
    6. Köln (D): Venet on the Rheingarten
  28. 1997
    1. Grenobel (F) Musée de Peinture et de Sculpture
    2. Lyon (F) Le Nouveau Musée / Institut de Villeurbanne
    3. Milano (I) Galerie Karsten Greve
    4. Quebec (CAN) Musée du Quebec
    5. Seoul (ROR) Gallery Hyundai
    6. Gland (CH) Golf Club du Domaine Imperial: Venet in Geneva
    7. Geneve (CH) Art & Public -Galerie Pierre Huber
    8. Boca Raton FL (USA) Lipworth/ Harmann International Fine Art
  29. 1998
    1. St. Etienne (F) Musée d'Art Moderne de St. Etienne
    2. Basel (CH): Venet in Schützenmatt-park
    3. Brescia (I) Galleria Massimo Minini
    4. Milano (I) Galleria Karsten Greve
    5. Torino (I) Galleria Persano
    6. Torino (I) Centre Culturel Francais
    7. West Hollywood CA (USA) Chacmool Contemporary Fine Art
  30. 1999
    1. Buenos Aires (AR) Centre Cultural de Recoleta
    2. Budapest (H) Mücsarnok:, Improvise - Inchevé Non-Formule
    3. Frankfurt am Main (D) Galerie Scheffel:
    4. Kunst im Bethmannhof
    5. Amsterdam (NL) Art Affairs
    6. Geneve (CH) Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain
    7. Stockholm (S) Konstruktiv Tendens
  31. 2000
    1. West Palm Beach FL (USA) Eaton Fine Art
    2. Rio de Janeiro (BR) Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janiero
    3. Cajarc (F) Centre d'Art Contemporain Georges Pompidou
    4. Figeac (F) Salle des Ecritures
    5. Brasilia (BR) Teatro Nacional de Brasilia
    6. Geneve (CH) Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain
    7. Helsinki (SF) Galerie Kaj Forsblom
    8. Sao Paulo (BR) Museu Brasileiro da Escultura
  32. 2001
    1. Paris (F) Galerie Jerome de Noirmont
    2. Berlin (D) Galerie Haas & Fuchs
    3. Bay Harbour Island FL (USA) Dorothy Blau Gallery
    4. Paris (F) Galerie Rabouan Moussion
    5. Paris (F) SM'ART - Stand Rabouan Moussion
    6. Berlin (D) Galerie Hans Mayer
  33. 2002
    1. Salzburg (A) Galerie Academia
    2. Paris (F) Galerie Art of the Century
    3. Paris (F) Musée d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou: Performance-Poetry
    4. Koblenz (D) Ludwig-Museum
    5. New York (USA) The Fields Sculpturepark, Art OMI.

Public Collections

  • Aachen (D) Neue Galerie im Alten Kurhaus
  • Akron OH (USA) Akron Art Institute
  • Athens GA (USA) Georgia Museum of Art
  • Bottrop (D) Josef Albers Museum, Quadrat
  • Bruxelles (B) Musées Royaux de Belgique
  • Cambridge MA (USA) MIT Permanent Collcetion, MIT
  • Chicago IL (USA) Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Cleveland OH (USA) Cleveland Center for the Arts
  • Dakkar (Senegal) Foundation Mourtala
  • Dallas TX (USA) Colonnade III Plaza, MEPC & Eyuity Properties
  • Detroit MI (USA) The Detroit Institute of Arts
  • Dunkerque (F) Musée d'Art Contemporain de Dunkerque
  • Genève (CH) Esplanade de Uni Mail
  • Genève (CH) Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain
  • Genève (CH) Musée d'Art et d'Histoire
  • Grenoble (F) Musée de Peinture et de Sculpture
  • Hannover NH (USA) Dartmouth College Museum and Galleries
  • Hartford CT (USA) Wadsworth Athenaeum
  • Hevikodden (N) Sonja Henie -Niels Onstad Foundations
  • Iowa City IA (USA) Museum of Art, University of Iowa
  • Krefeld (D) Kaiser Wilhelm Museum
  • Kyongbuk (ROR) Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Köln (D) Skulpturenpark
  • Lekeland FL (USA) Polk Museum of Art
  • Little Rock AR (USA) The Arkansas Arts Center
  • Liège (B) Musée National d'Art Moderne de Liège
  • Lodz (PL) Museum Sztuky W. Lodzi
  • Los Angeles CA (USA) Atlantic Richfield Corporation
  • Los Angeles CA (USA) Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Los Angeles CA (USA) Smalley Sculpture Garden, University of Judaism
  • Ludwigshafen (D) Wilhelm Hack-Museum
  • Madison WI (USA) Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Martigny (CH) Foundation Pierre Gianadda
  • Melville NY (USA) North Folk Bank Collection
  • Mexico City (MEX) Jumex Foundation
  • Milwaukee WI (USA) Milwaukee Art Museum
  • Minneapolis MN (USA) AT & T
  • Mouans Sartoux (F) Espace de 1'Art Concret
  • New Haven CT (USA) Yale University
  • New York (USA) Art Omi International Arts Center
  • New York (USA) Citibank Corporation
  • New York (USA) Goldman Sachs
  • New York (USA) McCrory Corporation Collection
  • New York (USA) The Museum of Modern Art
  • New York (USA) The New York University Art Collection
  • New York (USA) The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
  • Nice (F) Fondation d'Art Contemporain des Musées de Nice
  • Nice (F) Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain
  • Nürtingen (D) Foundation Domnick
  • Paris (F) Musée National d'Art Moderne Centre Georges Pompidou
  • Paris (F) Musée des Arts Decoratifs
  • Poitiers (F) Musée Sainte-Croix
  • Quebec (CAN) Musée du Quebec
  • Saint Etienne (F) Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain
  • San Diego CA (USA) Contemporary Art Center
  • San Diego CA (USA) San Diego Art Center
  • Santa Barbara CA (USA) Santa Barbara Museum of Art
  • Seattle WA (USA) First National Bank
  • Seoul (ROR) Esquire Company Seoul (ROR) o Ho-Am Art Museum
  • Seoul (ROR) Ilshin Spinning Company
  • Seoul (ROR) Total Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Shen Zehn (VR) He Xiangning Art Gallery
  • Stuttgart (D) Daimler-Chrysler Collection
  • Tampere (SF) Sara Hilden Foundation
  • Tokyo (J) Person's Weekend Museum
  • Washington D.C. (USA) Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
  • Washington D.C. (USA) The National Gallery of Art
  • Wuppertal (D) Von der Heydt Museum
  • Zürich (CH) Foundation Looser

Public Commissions

  • Agadir (Marocco) Bank Al Maghrib
  • Austin TX (USA) Archon Company
  • Bad Homburg (D) Kurpark
  • Beijing (VR) Beijing Silver Tower Real Estate Development Co.
  • Belley (F) Commande de la ville de Belley
  • Bergen (N) City of Bergen
  • Berlin (D) Urania Platz
  • Chateaux-Arnoux (F) La Chapelle Saint Jean
  • Epinal (F) Commande de la ville de Epinal
  • Geneve (CH) College & Ecole de Commerce Emilie-Gourd
  • Lille (F) Commande de la ville de Lille
  • Nice (F) Acropolis
  • Nice (F) Jardin Albert 1
  • Norfolk VA (USA) Goodman Segar Hogan, The World Trade Center
  • Paris (F) La Défense
  • Rom (D) City of Cologne
  • Roquebrune sur Argens (F) Rocher de Roquebrune
  • Sendai (J) Miyagi Prefextura Library
  • Seoul (ROR) Hansol Company
  • Strasbourg (F) Place de Bordeaux
  • Séte (F) Espace Fortant de France
  • Tokyo (J) City of Adachi
  • Woodside CA (USA) Runnymeade Sculpture Farm